Wounds in the feet and legs can be a severe problem especially when there is decreased sensation, blood flow, diabetes or a combination of all of these. It can increase the risk for amputation if wounds go untreated. What sometimes looks like a small problem could increase the risk for infection. If you have diabetes or other diseases that can make you at higher risk, your body may not be able fight bacteria that it is exposed to with an open wound. If you have decreased circulation, neuropathy or diabetes (especially if it is uncontrolled) you are at higher risk of your body not recognizing a problem early or not having the ability to fight against it. A few common types of wounds are:
Venous stasis ulcers occur due to veins that have been damaged by blood clots, varicose veins or if they have decreased function. This can lead to swelling in the legs that increases the risk of ulcers on the legs. The wounds frequently present as weeping fluid before the skin breaks open. Adequate compression and bandages are needed to be able to heal the ulcers.
Arterial ulcers occur when there is not adequate blood flow getting to your feet. It is important to get the proper early intervention to try to prevent the risk for amputation.
Diabetic ulcers are very common and occur in areas with decreased sensation and friction and pressure. Often due to neuropathy, the wounds are not noticed when they occur. They are frequently on the bottoms of the feet where most people are less likely to look!
Call today if you have you wounds or feel you may be at risk for developing wounds. Dr. Nelson will take the time to educate you on preventative measures as well!